This Report reveals that women and girls in California continue to be disadvantaged than men in important areas — from education and earnings to political representation. While women earn more college degrees than men, they are far outpaced in the highest-paying fields. Within the majority of professions, women on average earn less and fewer women than men reach the top leadership positions. Single women with children are more likely than men to struggle in poverty, especially women of color. Women can expect to live longer than men, but the disparities in health and healthcare among ethnic groups persist. While the number of women serving in the United States Congress hit a historic high in 2015, the representation of women in California has lost ground at the state level.